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Australian Heileman or shield
Parrying shields of double antelopes' horns, India
Long narrow shields from the Asiatic Isles
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1874 catalogue entry:
63. Facsimile of the SHIELD used by the Mundo negroes and the negroes of Ouady, Central Africa; at the back is a groove for the shaft of the spear, which is grasped by the hand whilst holding the shield. Fig. 2.
Compare this with the form of the Australian Tamarang, No. 47. Fig. 3.
Pitt Rivers Museum record:
General Description: Model or reproduction of a Mundu shield, made by Pitt Rivers to fit a missing gap in one of his series. The original from which the copy was made was in the Christy collection. A large number of Christy collection objects were acquired by the British Museum and it may be that the original is still in that Museum. Accession number: 1884.30.23 Continent: ?C Africa Country: ?Zaïre ?Sudan Group: Mundu Dimensions: L = 675 mm, W = 110 mm Condition: Broken handle Maker: ?Pitt Rivers When made: ?Prior to 1874 Other owners: Pitt Rivers sent this object to Bethnal Green Museum for display by ?early 1874. Notes:
Black book entry - Screen 2 20 Facsimile of a shield used by the Mundo negroes and those of Caddy [sic?], White Nile. Resembles in form the Australian tamarang (63)
Delivery Catalogue II entry - Shields from different localities. Wood shield, Africa 63
Accession Book IV entry - Model of a wooden parrying-shield with curved protuberant front and straight back, with hole for handle and longitudinal groove behind it for spear. Mundu ?Wadai C Africa [Drawing]
Card Catalogue entry - ALF 63. Central Africa. Wadai and Mundu (or Babuckur). 63 = 20 black. Model of a wooden parrying shield with curved protuberant front and straight back with hole for handle and longitudinal groove behind it for spear. Original Pitt Rivers collection.
Old General Pitt Rivers Label - [hand-written] Facsimile of the shield used by Mundo negroes of Quady Central Africa, at the back is a groove for the shaft of the spear which is grasped by the hand whilst holding the shield.
Old General Pitt Rivers Label - [printed] Facsimile of shield used by the Mundo negroes of the White Nile and the Negroes CA. From tracings taken by Col. Fox from a specimen in the Christy collection. The groove on the inner side is to receive a spear which is held with the shield in the left hand.
Old General Pitt Rivers Label - [printed and stuck to object] 20
Old General Pitt Rivers Label - [printed and stuck to object] Facsimile of shield used by the Mundo negroes of the White Nile and the Negroes of Ouaday Central Africa. From tracings taken by Col. Fox from specimen in the Christy collection. The groove on the inner side is to receive a spear which is held with the shield in the left hand.
Written on object - Model of parrying shield used by Mundo Negroes Central Africa PR 63
Other information - Displayed in Bethnal Green and South Kensington Museums (V&A). Petherick, 'On the arms of the Arab and Negro Tribes of Central Africa, bordering on the White Nile': 176 'The Mundo tribe ... [use] a shield formed of a single narrow piece of hard wood with a boss in the centre as a guard to the hand ...'. Note that the original's provenance of the Christy collection is only given in one source, a label attached to the object. As the only source which suggests that the shield is the Mundo also associated with the Babuckur was written during the Second World War, the only safe assumption is that the provenance is not yet fully worked out.
PR number: 63
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